Herbs have been used for medicinal, magical, cosmetic, and culinary purposes since the beginning of human civilization. In common usage, a herb is any plant used for culinary, medical, or perfumery purposes. Botanically, a herb is a plant without a persistent woody stem. Herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial.
At first, herbs were collected in the wild. As agricultural techniques were developed and spread, useful herbs were purposefully cultivated by cuttings, seeds, division, and other methods. When human communities became established, and leisure time became more common, gardens began to be developed for pleasure. While some plants in kitchen gardens are now cultivated for culinary use, other plants were cultivated for aesthetic and ornamental purposes.
Several major herb families are commonly cultivated as garden herbs. These include, but are not limited to:
- Mints and deadnettles. The aromatic Lamiaceae family contains many familiar favorites, including basil, catmint, hyssop, sage, and thyme. These mild herbs are among the easiest and most popular herbs to grow.
- Peas, beans, and legumes. The Fabaceae and Leguminosae families include favorites such as fenugreek, astragalus, and licorice.
- Carrots and parsley. The Apiaceae family contains both edible and poisonous plants. These include angelica, dill, fennel, lovage, and the notorious poison hemlock.
- Daisies and asters. The Asteraceae and Compositae families have a number of ornamental herbs that are also used for culinary and medicinal purposes, including arnica, chamomile, tarragon, and yarrow.
- Onions. The Allioideae family is a culinary favorite, including garlic, chives, and shallots.
- Roses. The Rosaceae family contains many herbs related to roses: meadowsweet, cinquefoil, hawthorn, and lady’s mantle.
Whilst many garden herbs may also have medicinal uses, herbs categorized as such are most notable for their ease of growth and commonness within household kitchens all over the world.
Garden Herbs List –